Zazi

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Contraception

A CONDOM + a CONTRACEPTIVE = the best way to prevent pregnancy and HIV and STIs.

A contraceptive only helps to prevent pregnancy.

So DOUBLE UP and protect yourself against pregnancy and HIV and STIs.

Below is a list of methods you can look at using together to DOUBLE UP:

MALE CONDOM

Male Condom

WHAT IS IT?

The male condom is a covering made of latex that fits over the erect penis.

HOW DOES IT WORK?

It prevents sperm and germs from passing to or from the penis.

You can use a water-based lubricant with a condom to increase the enjoyment of sex, but do not use any oil-based lubricant.

Lubricants prevent a condom from breaking or slipping.

A new condom must be used for every round of sex.

If a condom breaks or tears, you should use emergency contraception and get tested for HIV and STIs.

You can also take Post exposure Prophylaxis (PEP) drugs to help prevent getting HIV.

WHAT ARE ADVANTAGES?

Condoms protect women from getting pregnant and both partners from HIV and STIs. They are free at clinics and hospitals or can be bought at garages, shops and pharmacies.

WHAT ARE DISADVANTAGES?

Some people have an allergic reaction which causes itching, burning, or swelling.

If you have any problems you should talk to your healthcare provider.

FEMALE CONDOM

FEMALE CONDOM

WHAT IS IT?

The female condom is put into the vagina before having sex.

HOW DOES IT WORK?

It prevents sperm and germs from passing to or from the vagina. A new female condom must be used with each round of sex. If a condom breaks or tears, you should use emergency contraception to prevent pregnancy and get tested for HIV and STIs.

It must be taken out immediately after sex, before you stand up. You can also ask for post exposure prophylaxis (PEP) at the clinic or hospital.

WHAT ARE ADVANTAGES?

A female condom can be put in just before sex, or up to eight hours before sex.

Condoms protect women from getting pregnant and protects partners from passing on HIV and STIs. They are free from clinics and hospitals or can be bought from pharmacies.

 

COPPER INTRAUTERINE DEVICE (Cu IUD)

COPPER INTRAUTERINE DEVICE (Cu IUD)

WHAT IS IT?

The Cu IUD is a small thin T-shaped plastic and copper device that is inserted into the vagina and placed in the womb (uterus). It is also known as 'the loop'.

HOW DOES IT WORK?

It prevents sperm and the egg from meeting, and prevents pregnancy. It must be inserted and removed by a healthcare provider. It does not protect against HIV and STIs. You must use a condom every time you have sex to prevent HIV and STIs.

WHAT  ARE THE ADVANTAGES?

This highly effective long-lasting method can prevent pregnancy for up to ten years.

Does not cause weight gain.

It does not affect the enjoyment of sex.

WHAT ARE THE DISADVANTAGES?

Side effects may include cramping, spotting, pain during and after insertion of the Cu IUD.

Can be pushed out (expelled) from the uterus into the vagina, in the first few months of use.

INJECTABLES

INJECTABLES

WHAT IS IT?

The injectable contains hormones given to you at regular intervals by a healthcare provider.

You need to go for the injection every two or three months depending on the type used.

HOW DOES IT WORK?

It contains a hormone that prevents the release of an egg from the ovary. It thickens the lining of the cervix (the opening to the womb), making it dicult for sperm to pass into the womb.

You must also use a condom every time you have sex to prevent HIV and STIs. You should return to the clinic even if you miss an appointment, so that you can be given alternative contraception to prevent pregnancy

WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES?

It is a highly effective method. Only needs to be repeated every 2-3 months depending on the type of injection. Can be used by breast feeding mothers. It does not affect the enjoyment of sex.

WHAT ARE THE DISADVANTAGES?

If you are late for an appointment or miss an appointment you will not be protected against pregnancy. Side effects may include changes to the menstrual period, headaches, spotting, mood changes, dizziness, weight gain or breast tenderness.

IMPLANT

IMPLANT

WHAT IS IT?

Hormonal implants are small, thin, flexible plastic rods, about the size of a matchstick inserted under the skin by a health care provider, and can be removed at a later stage.

HOW DOES IT WORK?

The hormones in the implant prevent the release of the egg from the ovary and prevent pregnancy. You must also use a condom every time you have sex to prevent HIV and STIs.

WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES?

This highly effective long-lasting method works for up to three to five years, depending on the type of implant.

It does not affect the enjoyment of sex

WHAT ARE THE DISADVANTAGES?

Side effects may include weight gain, redness, headaches, dizziness, mood changes, nausea, and changes to menstrual periods.

Implant may not be effective if you are obese.

ORAL CONTRACEPTIVE PILL

ORAL CONTRACEPTIVE PILL

WHAT IS IT?

The pill comes in a 28- or 21-day pack.

The pills contain hormones that regulate your system to prevent pregnancy.

Dierent types of the pill are available at your local clinic.

HOW DOES IT WORK?

The pill prevents the release

of the egg from the

ovaryand prevents pregnancy.

You must use a condom every time you have sex to prevent HIV and STIs.

WHAT ARE THE ADVANTAGES?

This effective method can help to make your menstrual period more regular.

It doesn't affect the enjoyment of sex.

WHAT ARE THE DISADVANTAGES?

It is less effective if you forget to take a pill, are taking some other medicine, or are vomiting or have diarrhoea.

Side effects can include irregular menstrual periods, nausea, weight change, headaches, dizziness, mood changes and breast tenderness.